Welcome to Whenua.net  
    This site is dedicated to better governance of Māori land.  Much of the contents is based largely on the information contained in the series of Māori Land Court booklets, namely:      
      Māori Incorporations          
      Māori Land Trusts          
      Duties of Trustees          
      Transferring shares in Māori land          
    We have combined the information in these booklets and hyperlinked the references.  Tap on the link below.  Below that is a link to a pdf document that can be downloaded.      
    In addition to information on the current legislation, we have prepared a section on the Te Ture Whenua Māori Bill that can be accessed by tapping on the link below.  Because some of the contents is confidential, most of the analysis is password protected.      
Options for un- or under-utilised Māori land  
    It is estimated that there are over 16,000 blocks of Māori land (in many cases very small) without any formal governance structure.  In many cases, this will mean that the land is lying idle and probably accumulating costs such as rates.      
    While there are a multitude of reasons land is not being used, in many cases the owners simply don't know where to start.      
    Understanding the land        
    Before any meaningful analysis can be undertaken, there needs to be an understanding of the location, size, and attributes of the land .  A good starting point is www.maorilandonline.govt.nz where this information is available for many Māori land blocks. There is also some Landcare Research information about the land's characteristics.      
    One of the first considerations when embarking on an exercise to investigate commercial options on any land is the feasibility of securing its perimeter (the boundary).  For this, the length of that perimeter needs to be calculated.       
    Land area        
    The unit of area for land in New Zealand is hectares. There are 2.471 (say 2.5 for ease of calculation) acres in a hectare and one hectare is 10,000 square metres (ie 100m x 100m).       
    This means if you had to fence a square one hectare block of flat land there would be 400m of fencing.  [A two hectare block measuring 200m x 100m, would have a perimeter length of 600m (2 sides x 100m) + (2 sides x 200m).]       
    Note that the narrower a block gets, the longer the perimeter.  For example a block measuring 150m x 66.67m is 8.3% longer while a block measuring 50m x 200m is 25% longer.  In both cases they are 1 hectare or 10,000m².      
    For specific calculations, including perimeter fencing length tap on the link below.       
    Governance structure (Entity considerations)      
    In order to ensure that future generations retain their connection to ancestral land, consideration needs to be given to an ownership framework.  The options are usually best found in one or other of the Trust permitted under Te Ture Whenua Maori Act 1993.        
    One of the first things the owner(s) of bare land need to know is the approximate length of boundary fencing required to contain or keep out any animals.

This page offers a simple calculator that can be used in the first instance to estimate the costs involved.
    There is a likelihood that the area of the land block in question is not known by its owners.  This is not problem because of Maorilandonline.  (Tap on the link below to visit the website.)  You will however need to know the land block name (or the governance entity and/or one or more of the trustees).  If you know the first 3 or 4 letters, the search engine is helpful in providing options.    
    The calculation can be started with either the area (in hectares) or the approximate dimensions (although with the latter the calculation is easy).    
    Key base assumptions:      
      Known side dimension m      
      [Note that the greater the difference between width and length the longer the perimeter.]    
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Forms for Māori Land Court Applications  
    The latest Maori Land Court Rules 2011 prescribes a number of forms for applications to the Court, all downloadable for completion by hand.        
    The form below are available from the Māori Land Court website.        
    Specific forms relevant to this site are below (with the hyperlink from the form number):      
    Form 21 Succession (Grant of Administration)      
    Form 22 Succession (no Grant of Administration)      
    Form 23 Application to form a Whānau trust (with succession)      
    Form 30 Application for a vesting order.      
    From 36 Application to form a Whānau trust (without succession)      
    Form 37 Application to form an Ahu Whenua trust       
    Form 38 Application to Add, reduce, replace or remove Trustees      
    Glossary Glossary of Terms use in the Māori land court      
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